Central Park is a park in Manhattan, New York City. It is located between the Upper West Side and the Upper East Side. The Upper West Side has some popular attractions like the Natural History Museum and Lincoln Center. It also has some famous universities like Columbia University and Barnard College. On the other hand, the Upper East Side is popular for upscale real estate and also has some famous museums.
History of Central Park
The construction of Central Park started in 1857. However, the park was established in the year 1858. Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux were the primary designers of the Park. They were assisted by many people including board member Andrew Haswell Green, the architect Jacob Wrey Mould, master gardener Ignaz Anton Pilat, and engineer George E. Waring, Jr.
The park commissioners decided to continue the construction of Central Park when the civil war began in 1861. The introduction of the “Carriage Parade”, a daily display of horse-drawn carriages that traversed the park was the main attraction in the park’s early years.
The government took private lands for construction and around 1,600 inhabitants displaced throughout the area. Compensation paid to the landowner was not enough.
Central Park Main Attractions
1. Central Park Zoo
It is located at the southeast corner of Central Park in New York City. It is the first public zoo to open in New York. The zoo features more than 100 species of animals from the tropics, polar regions, and the California Coast. It includes animals like polar bears, snow leopards, and red pandas, etc. There is also a 4D Theater within the zoo.
2. Bethesda Fountain and Terrace
Bethesda Fountain stands between the Lake and the Mall and is the architectural highlight of Central Park. It is one of the park’s earliest structures and a popular place to take photos. It is one of the largest fountains in New York with twenty-six feet height & ninety-six feet width.
Bethesda Terrace offers a stunning view across the Lake to the edge of the Ramble.
3. Conservatory Garden
This formal garden is filled with thousands of trees which makes it perfect for weddings. The garden has three sections of different styles: French, Italian, and English. The French garden has Untermyer Fountain, featuring the Three Dancing Maidens by German sculptor Walter Schott.
4. Loeb Boathouse
Loeb Boathouse offers a relaxing experience of gondola rides and boating on the lake. It is a restaurant with an indoor dining room and an outdoor seating area, set right on the water’s edge. Weddings and other formal events also take place in this Boathouse. The Boathouse Restaurant also has the option of indoor or lakeside seating which is an excellent choice for a relaxing.
5. Conservatory Water
It is on the east side of the park near 72nd Street and is better known as the Model Boat Pond. People come here to sail and race their model boats. There is also a sculpture of Alice in Wonderland at the north end of the water. On the east side there is Kerbs Boathouse, with a café.