Mental health refers to your emotional and psychological well-being. Having good mental health helps you lead a relatively happy and healthy life. It helps you demonstrate resilience and the ability to cope in the face of life’s adversities.
On the other hand mental illness is the opposite of mental well being. It is characterized by the following symptoms :
- Not eating enough or overeating.
- Having insomnia or sleeping too much.
- Distancing yourself from other people and favorite activities.
- Feeling numb or lacking empathy.
- Smoking, drinking or using illicit drugs more than ever before.
- Feeling confusion, forgetfulness, irritability, anger, anxiety, sadness, or fright.
- Constantly fighting or arguing with friends and family.
- Having extreme mood swings that cause relationship problems.
- Having constant flashbacks or thoughts that you can’t get out of your head.
- Hearing voices in your head that you can’t stop.
- Having thoughts of hurting yourself or other people.
- Being unable to carry out day-to-day activities and chores.
Stress and periods of emotional distress can lead to an episode of symptoms. This may make it difficult for you to maintain normal behavior and activities. This period is sometimes called a nervous breakdown.
Why is mental health important?
It is important because it can help you to
- Cope with the stresses of life
- Be physically healthy
- Have good relationships
- Make meaningful contributions to your community
- Work productively
- Realize your full potential
Diagnosis Of Mental Disorders
An experienced psychiatrist investigates the medical history and past life of the patient. He then looks for the symptoms associated with a particular disorder. Relatives and friends play a crucial role in diagnosis.
- A physical exam. Your doctor will try to rule out physical problems that could cause your symptoms.
- Lab tests. These may include, for example, a check of your thyroid function or a screening for alcohol and drugs.
- A psychological evaluation. A doctor or mental health professional talks to you about your symptoms and behavior patterns. You may be asked to fill out a questionnaire to help answer these questions.
Mental health exercises
Physical exercise is great for your body. Dancing, swimming, walking, and jogging boost cardio health and strength. They’re also great for your mind. Research shows they can help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety.
However, there are also “exercises” you can do for your brain. These include:
- Striking a power pose. People who use “power poses” may see a temporary drop in feelings of social anxiety.
- Listening to calming music. A study revealed that people who listen to relaxing music recover faster. After stress than people who relax but do not listen to music.
- Practicing progressive muscle relaxation. This process involves tightening and then slowly relaxing various muscle groups. It may be combined with other techniques like listening to calm music or breathing exercises.
- Finding a yoga pose. A study showed that just two minutes of performing yoga poses can boost self-esteem and increase bodily energy.
Mental health recovery
Most individuals with these issues can and will find treatments that are successful. That means you can get better. Some of the issues, however, are chronic and ongoing.
Recovery from mental health disorders requires ongoing attention to your mental and overall health. To any behavioral therapy techniques learned from a therapist.
In some cases, treatments like medication may be needed on an on-going basis. Others may be able to stop using them at some point. What recovery will mean for you is different than recovery for another person.
Mental health awareness
Mental health is a vital concern for healthcare professionals. Most people know the signs and symptoms of physical illnesses. But, they may not be able to pinpoint the physical effects of anxiety or panic.
Awareness campaigns are designed to help people understand these common signs and symptoms.
More than 40 million Americans experience some form of mental illness every year. Knowing that they’re not alone may invite people to seek treatment from a professional. Treatment is key to relief from symptoms and maintain a healthy, active life.
Mental Health treatment
Treatment for mental health disorders is not one size fits all, and it does not offer a cure. Instead, treatment aims to reduce symptoms and make the condition manageable.
Here are the most common mental health treatments:
The medications used to treat mental health disorders are antidepressants and mood-stabilizing.
Talk therapy is an opportunity for you to talk about your experiences and ideas. Therapists primarily act as a sounding board and neutral mediator. Helping you learn coping techniques and strategies to manage symptoms.
- Hospital and residential treatment
Some people may need brief periods of intensive treatment at hospitals or residential treatment facilities. These programs allow an overnight stay for in-depth treatment. There are also daytime programs, where people can participate in shorter periods of treatment.
- Lifestyle treatments and home remedies
Alternative treatments can be used in addition to mainstream treatments as a supplement. These steps won’t eliminate mental health issues alone.
Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act as we cope with life. It also helps determine how we handle stress and make choices.
So mental health is important at every stage of life and adolescence through adulthood.
Mental illnesses are serious disorders that can affect your thinking, mood, and behavior. They may be occasional or long-lasting. They can affect your ability to relate to others and function each day. But there are treatments. People with mental health problems can get better, and many of them recover completely.